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Physical Uncertainty Square

Particularly quantum physics provides the basic approach for this chapter by its dualism comprehension of wave and particle as well as by the uncertainty principle of Heisenberg. This formulates, that place x and frequency f follow the uncertainty principle. Same is valid for mass m and angular velocity w.

Different physical laws are related in the preceding model to the respective static (blue) or dynamic (red) areas, illustrating them exactly. Recognizable it is here, that due to the duality model between particles and wave, the static areas can be best seized e.g. by Newton und Coulomb physics and the dynamic areas described by the wave theory. The square should be regarded thereby as bilateral surface, while on the front side the linear view of place x, impulse p, time t, and frequency f is shown and on the backside the circular view of mass m, angular momentum L, duration T and angular velocity w is to be figured.

It will now probably not surprise, that also between front side and back side for linear and circular view the uncertainty principle is valid.

All this has tremendous consequences:

The particle view, which is divided into subject and object, eg. transmitter and receiver or measuring instrument and test system is subject to the maximum speed of light.

In a wave approach in which a distinction between subject and object is no longer possible and where all parts are subject to the wave function, leads a determination of a part to immediate determination of the associated residual part (see Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox). The linkage and determination of these parts so are instantaneous and thus “beyond” the speed of light.

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